Situated in the South-east of the Centre of France. South of the Champagne and north of the Beaujolais. Also at about the height of Switzerland. The fact that Burgundy is in the central of France gives it a cooler climate. This results in wines with higher acidity. It has a Semi-Continental Climate, We have an average of 19,6 degrees Celsius in Summer. And in  winter about 1,6 degrees Celsius. With 1830 sunshine hours per year it’s not a really sunny part of France, and with 775 mm of Precipitation per year it’s not that wet in Burgundy.

In the Jurassic period, about 160 Million years ago, a shallow sea covered the region that we now know as Burgundy. 35 million years ago, the unique soil profile that was created by the sediment of tiny shells and the remains of sea life got exposed. This is the Soil of Burgundy nowadays. This results in a unique Jurassic Limestone soil that is found in the top vineyards of Burgundy. Winemakers in Burgundy are obsessed with terroir,  The Soils in Burgundy are most studied and surveyed pieces of land in the world.

Chablis: In the absolute north of Burgundy, Chablis is found. This results it to be the coolest climate in Burgundy. This particular sub region of Burgundy is famous for its Kimmeridgian limestone soil. This is simply fossilized remains of prehistoric oyster shells.

In this region they devote their vineyards to growing Chardonnay. A Chardonnay from the Chablis region is typically lean, mineral and flinty. The general-quality whites from this region can be oaked in a neutral oak while ageing while a higher-quality white can be aged in a more significant oak barrels. Chablis has forty premier cru vineyards and only one grand cru vineyard. This grand cru vineyard is divided into seven parcels:

  • Blanchots
  • Les Preuses
  • Grenouilles
  • Valmur
  • Bougros
  • Vaudésir
  • Les Clos

Cote d’Or: This sub region of Burgundy is the most famous part of Burgundy and is the source of the highest-quality red and white wines of Burgundy. What Cote d’Or literally means “Golden Slope”. The Cote d’Or has a limestone terroir. On the east side of the Cote d’Or there is this slope which is 40 miles long and is perfectly situated to the sun. The “Golden Slope” counts thirty-three Grand Crus vineyards which are generally divided into two major areas:

Cote de Nuits: The Cote de Nuits slopes to the east, facing the Saone River. The Soil that we find here is a mix of the following: Oolitic Calcareous composition, intermittent iron and marl. The slopes that are faced to the east benefit from both the maximization of sunlight reaching the vines, and the heat of the sun burns off the dew.  This last benefit from facing to the east prevents the vines from getting sick of micro organismic diseases. The parts between the upper and lower levels of the slopes you find the Cote de Nuits. Now the upper soil of this particular part of Burgundy has limestone and layered fragments of crumbled rock that comes up from the lower soil(subsoil). This kind of terroir of a mixture that is high in potassium and phosphorous compounds is particularly good for viticulture. In the upmost part of Cote de Nuits you find the village of Marsannay. The Pinot Noir grape is grown here, principally for table-wine rosés. The quality of these rosé wines is good, but fall short in comparison to the great red wines that are produced here. The wines from Fixin and Brochon are complex and rich, with nine

Cote de Beaune: This sub region of Burgundy is perhaps the most important of the region. Beaune is a town in the center of the Cote de Beaune, hence the name. A lot of the wines from this part bear the name Montrachet on the label and are considered one of the most expensive white wines of the world. Red wines come from Pommard and the Grand Cru Corton. Cote de Beaune is a sub region that is quite similar to the Cote de Nuits, together with this sub region, they together make the Cote d'Or. Rich limestone soils are often found here and the 'Escarpment' causes the vineyard to have enough sunshine, making up a beautiful terroir to make amazing wines. 

Grape Varieties:

Chardonnay: Burgundy is mainly known for its astonishingly amazing Chardonnay wines. It’s the best Region on earth to grow high-quality Chardonnay wines. Chardonnay is the only white grape allowed in the production of white wines from Burgundy’s AOC sub regions. We can characterize a Chardonnay from Burgundy by its solid core of acidity and minerality. These wines can be easily paired with food. This is because of its complexity, intensity and preciseness.

Pinot Noir: Less well known than the Chardonnay wines from Burgundy, we have Pinot Noir. But that doesn’t mean that it isn’t good. It is the most important grape of Burgundy. They produce extremely complex red wines. Burgundy also is the birthplace of Pinot Noir. We can characterize Pinot Noir wines from Burgundy by the complexity. Including a balance of velvety mouthfeel, intense aroma, pleasant acidity, red berries, savoury earthiness and spicy structure.

Aligoté: The Aligoté grape produces a white wine that is characterized as light and dry wines with not much of complexity. The town of Bouzeron in Cote Chalonnaise produces the best Aligoté wines of Burgundy.

Gamay: In the Beaujolais the Gamay grape is the main gape, but also in Burgundy they grow Gamay. The Gamay grape produce a wine that we characterize as soft and fruity. When blended together with Pinot Noir we have a wine we call Passe-tout-Grains.